Trong Tiếng Anh, Giới từ là một điểm ngữ pháp quan trọng và tần xuất hiện trong cái bài thi là vô cùng thường xuyên. Mặc dù kiến thức về giới từ là kiến thức căn bản nhưng gây ra nhiều khó khăn một số bạn đang luyện thi dẫn đến mất điểm đáng tiếc. Do đó, hôm nay IELTS Vietop xin chia sẻ với các bạn về chủ đề Giới từ (Prepositions) nhé!


Định nghĩa

Giới từ là những từ chỉ thời gian, vị trí… chỉ sự liên quan giữa các từ khác trong cụm, trong câu văn. Giới từ được sử dụng trong câu với vai trò gắn kết các từ, cụm từ để giúp bạn hiểu rõ hơn câu văn, ngữ cảnh.

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Giới từ được sử dụng trong câu với quy định riêng mà khi học theo từng loại cụ thể dưới đây, bạn cần chú ý để áp dụng đúng.


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Mozart was born….in 1756….If the sky is clear, you can see the stars………………………………………….After working hard during the day, I like to relax………………………………………….Neil Armstrong was the first man to walk on the moon…………………………………It’s difficult to listen if everyone is speaking………………………………………….Jazz became popular in the United States………………………………………….I’m just going out to the shop. I’ll be back………………………………………….I don’t think we need an umbrella. It’s not raining………………………………………….Ben is a very fast runner. He can run 100 metres………………………………………….Lisa works from Monday to Friday. Sometimes she also works……………………….B. Put in to/at/in/into where necessary. If no preposition is necessary, leave the space empty.Three people were taken to hospital after the accident.I’m tired. Let’s go …………………..home now. (no preposition)We left our luggage…………………..the station and went to find something to eat.Shall we take a taxi…………………..the station or shall we walk?I have to go…………………..the bank today. What time does it open?The Amazon flows…………………..the Atlantic Ocean.I missed the bus, so I walked…………………..home.Have you ever been…………………..Canada?I lost my key, but I managed to climb…………………..the house through a window.We got stuck in a traffic jam on our way…………………..the airport.We had lunch…………………..the airport while we were waiting for our plane.It took us four hours to get…………………..the top of the mountain.Welcome…………………..the hotel. We hope you enjoy your stay here.We drove along the main road and then turned…………………..a narrow side street.Did you enjoy your visit…………………..the zoo?I did some shopping on my way…………………..home.C. Complete the sentences using an adjective + preposition. Choose from:
I think she’s arriving this evening, but I’m not sure of that.Don’t worry. I’ll look after you. There’s nothing to be ……………………….I never watch the news on TV. I’m not……………………….the news.The editor is the person who is……………………….Sarah is a keen gardener and is very……………………….I was surprised when I first met Tina. She was……………………….Ben could become world champion one day. He’s……………………….D. Complete the sentences with the correct preposition.There are some differences between British and American English.Money isn’t the solution…………………. every problem.There has been an increase………………….the amount of traffic using this road.The advantage…………………. having a car is that you don’t have to rely on public transport.There are many advantages…………………. being able to speak a foreign language.Everything can be explained. There’s a reason…………………. everything.When Paul left home, his attitude…………………. many things seemed to change.James did a very good drawing …………………. his father. It looks just like him.What was Sarah’s reaction…………………. the news?Nicola took a picture………………….me holding the baby.E. Complete the writing task 2 below by using given prepositions.

The bar chart sets out expectations 1………………….. young people in Europe 2…………………… the next 20 years.

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The initial impression 3……………………. the chart is that roughly more than a half of young Europeans do not expect their lives to be better 4…………………… the future. Among the five given indicators, air quality is believed 5………………… the highest proportion 6………………….. young people to deteriorate in the next 20 years.

60% of the people surveyed are skeptical 7………………….. the chances for improvement in terms of health, whereas 40% responded that health conditions will be better in the future. A similar ratio is also evident 8……………………. ‘water quality’ and ‘people communication’.

Expectations for air quality are generally negative, 9…………………….. a vast 77% young respondents saying that it will become worse in the future. Expectations for food quality, 10…………………………. the other hand, is roughly 1:1, and this is also the only category that shows such a pattern.

Tìm hiểu về Khóa học IELTS cấp tốc và IELTS 1 kèm 1 tại trung tâm IELTS uy tín TPHCM

Đáp án

A.at nightin the eveningon 21 July 1969at the same timein the 1920sin about 20 minutesat the momentin secondson SaturdaysB.3. at4. to5. to6. into7. no prep8. to9. into10. to11. at12. to13. to14. into15. to16. no prep.C.2. similar to3. afraid of4. interested in5. responsible for6. proud of7. different from/to8. capable ofD.2. to3. in4. of5. in/or6. for7.to/towards8. with9. of10. to11. ofE.ofoverfrominbyofaboutforwithon

Trên đây là tất cả những kiến thức về giới từ trong Tiếng Anh IELTS, mong những kiến thức này sẽ giúp được bạn trong quá trình luyện thi IELTS. Chúc bạn thành công nhé!

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